Bush Names Two for Health Posts


WASHINGTON - President Bush (news - web sites) has selected an Arizona trauma surgeon and sheriff's deputy to be surgeon general and a top administrator at Johns Hopkins University to direct the National Institutes of Health (news - web sites), The Associated Press has learned.

Dr. Richard Carmona of Tucson and Hopkins' Dr. Elias Zerhouni must be confirmed by the Senate before filling the two top health positions.

Bush has been looking for a surgeon general ever since David Satcher, President Clinton (news - web sites)'s appointee, announced last year that he would step down when his four-year term ended last month.

Carmona, the doctor-cop, evidently dazzled Bush's selection team with a resume that reads like a Hollywood script. "He's somebody who's risked his life to save lives. He's dangled out of helicopters to save people," said the administration official in advance of the president's announcement.

"He does look like something out of central casting," said Dr. Allan Hamilton, surgery chairman at the University of Arizona, Carmona's longtime friend and boss.

But, "Rich is not one of those thrill-seekers," Hamilton said. He described a devoted father of three and physical fitness fanatic who, as one-time head of the local hospital for the poor, also advocated better patient care.

Carmona, 52, was born in Harlem. He dropped out of high school, joined the Army and earned a G.E.D. He then became the first member of his family to graduate from college and medical school. Registered as an independent, he gave $500 to Bush's campaign in 1999.

In 1992, the doctor grabbed headlines and inspired a made-for-TV-movie by rappelling from a helicopter to rescue a person stranded on a cliff. This and other feats helped him earn one of 10 Top Cop awards from the National Association of Police Organizations in 2000.

In 1999, Carmona happened upon a car accident in Tucson, and stopped to help. Instead, he got into a shootout with one of the drivers.

The man, who had been assaulting a female driver, died, but not before Carmona attempted to mend his fatal wounds. The man turned out to be a suspect in the murder of his own father.

Carmona's scalp was grazed by a bullet, his second wound in the same place. He got the first while fighting in Vietnam as an Army Green Beret.

In 1985, he created the first trauma care system in southern Arizona. A year later, he joined the Pima County Sheriff's Department as a member of the special weapons and tactics team.

For the NIH position, Zerhouni, 50, met the administration's twin goals of finding a respected scientist who could live within Bush's ethical constraints on research involving cloning and embryonic stem cells.

His background is in radiology, and he has chaired the university's radiology department.

Surgeon general and NIH director are two of several important federal health jobs that have gone vacant while Bush advisers searched for replacements for Clinton appointees.

The NIH has struggled in the two years without a director since the departure of Harold Varmus, with several top researchers leaving. Six institutes of the NIH institutes need new directors, positions that are expected to be filled now that the top job has been settled.

The top position at the Food and Drug Administration (news - web sites) has been empty for a year.

The National Institutes of Health pays for more than 43,000 biomedical projects in the United States and employ more than 10,000 people. Its budget has been steadily rising over the last several years, with Bush asking for more than $27 billion for next year.

As part of his duties as surgeon general, Carmona would administer the 56-member Public Health Commission, which was deployed to New York and Washington on Sept. 11 and during the subsequent anthrax attacks. A part-time public health professor, Carmona has expertise in emergency preparedness and weapons of mass destruction.

___ Associated Press writer Sandra Sobieraj contributed to this report.

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